AK 47: History and facts

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AK 47

The AK 47 is considered to be the world’s first and probably the best assault rifle. It was developed by Mikhail Kalashnikov of the Soviet Union, which is why it is sometimes called the Kalashnikov rifle. And it is done.

The AK-47, also known as the Kalashnikov Model 1947, Soviet assault rifle, is probably the most widely used shoulder weapon in the world. The initials AK represent Russian Avtomat Kalashnikova for “automatic Kalashnikov” for its designer Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov, who designed the accepted version of the weapon in 1947.

From the time it was officially adopted by the Soviet Army in 1949, the AK-47 was considered simple to operate, rugged, reliable in difficult conditions, and amenable to mass production. Built around a 7.62-mm round with a muzzle velocity of about 700 meters per second, it had a cyclic firing rate of 600 rounds per minute and was capable of both semi-automatic and automatic fire. A long curved box magazine held 30 rounds, and a separate gas-return tube above the barrel contained a piston that was forced to retract upon firing to eject the spent cartridge and return to the next round. Took a hammer. The AK-47 was produced in two basic designs, one with a wooden stock and the other, designated the AKS, with a folding metal stock. In early 1959, the AK-47 was replaced in first-line Soviet service by the AKM, a modernized version with longer range sights and cheaper mass-produced parts, including a stamped sheet-metal receiver and plywood buttstock and Forward Grip included.

Despite their obvious advantages, the AK-47 and AKM were considered by the Soviet military to have problems with accuracy, mainly due to the recoil forces generated by the powerful 7.62-mm rounds and other forces known as blowbacks that could be used for weapons. were generated by. Heavy internal system. Those problems were partially addressed during the 1970 when the AKM was replaced by the AK-74, which adapted the original Kalashnikov design into a smaller 5.45-mm round with a higher muzzle velocity of 900 meters per second. did. A later version of the AK-74, the AK-74M, was the main infantry weapon of the Russian Army in the 21st century.

After the 1970s, research continued into possible successors to the AK-47/74 series, most of them incorporating some means of reducing the effects of recoil and blowback. One candidate, the AN-94, allowed firing two rounds before a retreating force could be generated. Other candidates, the AK-107 and AEK-971, introduced mechanical parts whose movements counterbalanced blowback-generating mechanisms. However, none of these weapons were accepted for standard issuance to the Russian military. In 2018 the Russian military began introducing a pair of new rifles from the AK family—the AK-12 and AK-15—as the ultimate replacement for the AK-74M. The AK-12 retained the 5.45-mm caliber that was offered with the AK-74, but the AK-15 reverted to Soviet-era 7.62-mm rounds. Both weapons featured a modern chassis that allowed mounting of scopes, forward grips, and other tactical accessories.

Kalashnikov assault rifles remain the basic shoulder weapon of many armies that once had political and military ties with the Soviet Union, and have long been the weapon of choice for many guerrilla and nationalist movements around the world. The symbolic value of the AK-47 for such movements is present on the coats of arms of many countries, as well as on the flag of Mozambique. It is estimated that about 100 million AKs have been produced – half of them entirely outside Russia, and many of them under or unlicensed Soviet-era licenses. A full range of weapons that can trace its design history to the AK-47 is manufactured by the Izhmash Ordnance Company in Izhevsk, Russia.

History of AK 47

During the Second World War, the German army developed the concept of the assault rifle, they observed that most of the encounters took place within a radius of 300 meters, whereas the rifles and cartridges available at that time had more power for such a short-range battle. There was That’s why the army demanded this type of rifle and cartridge, which also has the qualities of a submachine (large magazine and has the facility of firing multiple turns) and works within a range of 300 meters. This resulted in the introduction of the STG 44 rifle of the German Army, although it was not the first rifle of its kind. The Italian army also had the Sei-Rigotti and the Soviet Army’s Fedorov Avtamot rifles were also of this category. But this rifle was used extensively by the German Army, which allowed them to evaluate it. The Soviet army was also influenced by the principles and philosophy of the German army and started following them after World War II. Mikhail Kalashnikov began his career as a weapon designer after being admitted to the hospital as a wounded patient. The first carbine design he developed was rejected, but he participated in the assault rifle design competition in 1945. His model was a gas base design with 30 bullets. It was codenamed AK1 and AK2.

In 1946, one of his assistants, Alexander Zystaev, suggested many improvements in this, which he accepted after hesitation. Ultimately, his 1947 model was characterized by simplicity, reliability, and workability, in 1949 his model was accepted by the Soviet Army as the 7.62 Kalashnikov rifle.

Features of Kalashnikov Rifle

Simple design, fairly small size, and ease of mass production, Mikhail Kalashnikov has always denied that his rifle is a copy of the German STG 44, although all the evidence is against him, we recommend this rifle A combination of all previous rifle techniques, the locking design is derived from the M1 Grand Rifle, its trigger and safety lock are from the Remington Rifle Model 8, while the gas system and exterior design are from the STG. 44, Kalashnikov’s team had access to all these weapons and thus did not need to re-invent the wheel, he himself believed that before inventing anything, everything in that area was studied. It should be done and I have experienced this thing myself.

Development history

In the early stages of production, the rifle faced a lot of problems, the first models that came out had stamped metal sheet receivers, it was also difficult to weld its guide and ejector trail, due to which it was given a large scale had to be rejected, but instead of stopping production, a heavy mechanical receiver was installed. This was an expensive measure, but after doing this, the speed of production was increased, then no new mechanical receivers were being installed, earlier only the receivers of the Kemousin Nugget rifle were being used, due to this problem only in the Soviet Army till 1956 These rifles could not be distributed on a large scale, and during this time only KS rifles were supplied to the army, once production problems were resolved, the new model AKM [M meaning modern] was introduced in the army. . This new model had a stamped sheet metal receiver, it had a maze brake at the end of the barrel so that the floor would not rise during recoil, in addition, it also had a hammer retort so that only a limited number of rounds could be fired when automatic firing And there is no damage to the weapon, this round is also called redosure.

This new model was 1/3 less heavy than the old model. It is not correct to call all rifles AK47, some of them are also AKM, you can differentiate them in the picture given below.

The total four differences of the AK 47 are as follows:

  • Type 1 a/b Original model of the AK 47, 1b was changed for folding, with a large hole on either side.
  • Type 2A/B with steel forging.
  • Type 3A/B Last of the second model Appearance Type 4A/B The most commonly used model was an upgraded receiver installed.

AK-47 Speciality

The distinctive feature of this rifle is its simple design, small size, and the convenience of being manufactured in large numbers at a very low cost, its rigidity and reliability have become a myth, it was designed keeping in mind the cold winter areas like the arctic. It can work even after being dumped, but due to this its targets are not as good, the Soviet Red Army considered it to be a group use weapon, its normal life is considered to be 20 to 40 years Depending on the maintenance, the bayonet is also provided with some AK 47s.

This rifle has an iron gauge on the rear for ease of aiming, the front end of the rifle is also fitted with a gauge for ease of aiming, after adjusting these, the user could easily aim up to 250 meters Chromium plating is done on its internal parts like a gas chamber, bore, etc., which increases the life of this rifle and does not rust, most of the modern cartridges have traces of mercury in the primer which can be used for any weapon. Helps in rusting and melting.

Operating cycle

This rifle can be fired both in burst and automatic mode. In this gas assault rifle, due to recoil technology, old cartridges are dropped and new cartridges come due to its shock.

Ak-47 Cartridges

This rifle comes with cartridges of 7.62×39mm, which go at a speed of 710 meters per second, it goes up to a maximum distance of 400 meters.

What is “AK47” abbreviated for?

Its Russian name is Avtomat Kalashnikova also known simply as Kalashnikov. It was named after its inventor, Senior Sergeant Mikhail Kalashnikov. He is believed to have been a wounded T34 tank commander in the Red Army during World War II. According to legend, he admired the weapons made by the Nazis.

After five years of engineering, the former agricultural engineer created his famous weapon. It was based on several other designs floating around at the time, mostly Germany’s Sturmgewehr 44. Briefly called the StG44, the Sturmgewehr was the first true midrange infantry rifle. It did not fire heavy fire, but could still fire heavy fire. The AK47 was designed to do just that.

But the real genius of Kalashnikov’s invention was in its simplicity. It was designed for ease of use: easy to repair, easy to dismantle (if it ever happens), easy to maintain. If a round is chambered in an AK47, chances are good that the weapon will fire.

His creation was so simple and reliable that the Soviet Union began to export the weapon. The country made so much money from weapon exports that Kalashnikov received special treatment for the rest of his life in the USSR and later Russia.

Are AK47 Guns Illegal?

The validity of the AK47 depends on which country you are studying it in. In many countries, owning an AK model firearm is not only legal, it is required and/or celebrated. AK47 model weapons are also cheap in many places around the world but the farther you are from production centers, the more expensive they can be.

According to a study on transnational crime in developing countries, the cost of a black market AK47 can run from as little as $150 in Pakistan to $3,600 on the dark web for shipment to the United States. AK family firearm prices in Africa are an exception to that general rule. It is usually much cheaper in many African countries because the demand is so high that it usually floods the markets.

How many bullets can AK47 fire in a minute?

The AK47 can fire 600 rounds per minute in a fully automatic setting.

Can I legally buy an AK47 in the United States?

As far as US general AK owners are concerned, it also depends on which state you live in. In general, however, a true AK47 has a fully automatic setting, which is illegal. The United States. Models with semiautomatic settings are available and are sold in the U.S. Legal manufacturers in the U.S. cannot manufacture or import fully automatic weapons for the civilian market.

But you can still buy a fully automatic AK47 legally. Because this is America.

Any automatic weapon fully registered before May 1986, with the passage of the Firearms Owners Protection Act, may be bought or sold. This means that there is an estimated 175,000 legal automatic weapons on the market in the United States. The limited legal supply also means that one of these rifles can be exceedingly expensive, not to mention the rigorous Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives Inspection and a $200 excise duty. AK47, $200 probably won’t bother you.

How deadly is the AK47?

The AK47 is by far the deadliest weapon ever. Its lethality is even higher than that of nuclear weapons. But the first AK47s were too heavy and weren’t really built for the target. Kalashnikov wanted to develop a compact weapon that still provided the firepower to within 300 meters that could bring a blaze of bullets (with ammunition large enough that soldiers could carry a lot of it).

It is surprisingly difficult for a genuine 1947 Kalashnikov to fire a standard infantry weapon, but it was still very easily produced and easily used. Today’s AKs are actually the AKM (modernized) and are variations on the AKM. Everyone will still refer to it as the AK47 or simply “AK” because it sounds cool.

According to the New York City Trauma Surgeon, the weapon uses a 7.62 mm, high-velocity round that can “destroy entire areas of the body”. , They shatter bones, tear off limbs, and liquefy other materials as rounds often fall through the body in ways that cannot be repaired.

Does the US military use the AK47?

When the M16 rifle was first introduced into the Vietnam War, it had several issues. There were so many problems that American soldiers died in battle simply because they could not fire back. Even after working out the kinks, a dirty M16 was (and is) much less likely to operate than a dirty AK47. That’s why American soldiers were known to pick up AKs from their fallen enemies and keep them on hand… just in case.

When the AK-47 was first introduced, it was such a massive weapon that the Red Army actually hid it from the world. The US didn’t really know of its existence until the mid-1950s. Not that the US military would buy its standard-issue rifle from its main geopolitical enemy and potential World War III adversary anyway.

These days, the US does not keep AK47s, but some members of its military are trained to use them. Special Operations Forces of all branches may have to pick up an enemy AK47 at some point as the nature of their work sometimes does not bring help.

Why do terrorists use AK47?

The rifle was designed to be carried, maintained, and fired by anyone in the field who required its services. And if you need a weapon like the AK47, you should be able to use it fast, whether you’re a professional soldier or a poorly trained soldier.

The AK47’s worldwide availability and durability also make it an attractive one. Weapons for terrorists, militias, and other illegal paramilitary organizations. Whether they are trying to capture a military base in the frozen tundra or trying to overthrow a government in sub-Saharan Africa, the AK47 works really well in every environment, is always available (usually at a steep discount), and will still work even if it falls into water, mud, sand or any other dirt.

Know interesting facts related to AK47, 10 bullets come out in a second

AK 47, this rifle is used in India only by the Special Forces of the Army or Police. Apart from these, terrorists use it to fulfill their nefarious intentions. It is illegal for the common man to own or use it in India. You can guess this from the fact that if it is recovered from any common man, then a case of sedition is directly registered against him. Today AK47 is in discussion after the Sohrabuddin Sheikh encounter case. Actually, Sohrabuddin was arrested for possessing 40 AK47s. After this, he was an encounter in 2005. On Friday, 22 people were acquitted in the Sohrabuddin encounter case. You must have understood how dangerous the AK47 rifle can be, which became the reason for Sohrabuddin’s arrest and encounter, but today we tell you some more facts related to it.

The full name of AK47 is Automatic Kalashnikov47 which was made in 1947. It was invented by Mikhail Kalashnikov. But never made money from this invention.

Mikhail Kalashnikov died in 2013 at the age of 94.

The AKM version of the AK47 is currently the lightest rifle in the world. Even after a full load, the weight of this rifle is only 4 kg, it can make about 600 rounds in a minute, i.e. 10 bullets in 1 second.

AK47 can fill 30 bullets at a time.

It is so powerful that it can pierce some walls, even the metal door of the car, and kill the person sitting behind it.

The speed of release of the bullet from the barrel of the gun is 710 per second. No special training is required to operate it. It is very easy to clean and maintain it. This is the reason why it remains the first choice of terrorists.

The AK47 has both automatic and semiautomatic properties. Automatic means that once the trigger is pressed, the bullets keep firing, and Semiautomatic means that once the trigger is pressed, only one bullet is fired.

The AK47 rifle is the only rifle that can operate in any environment. Be it water, soil, or sand. Therefore, AK47 is the most copied in the world because of any other gun. It consists of only 8 parts and can be assembled in just 1 minute.

The AK47 is the only rifle in the world that even children can operate easily.

The name of AK47 is included in the Guinness Book of World Records because it is the most used weapon in the world. As of today, there are about 100 million AK47s in the world, which means one for every 70 people.

Not only does Russia supply the AK47 to the world, but 30 other countries also have licenses to manufacture it. Like India, China, Israel, Egypt, Nigeria, etc. Of these, China makes the most AK47.

The AK47 is the world’s largest illegally sold rifle.

The AK47 is capable of hitting targets up to a distance of 300 meters. If the shooter is good, then it can aim at a distance of up to 800 meters.

A granite launcher can also be added to the modern AK47, The life of an AK47 gun is from 6000 to 15000 rounds.

Why AK 47 is famous?

The AK-47’s major selling points are its simplicity and its ability to take a beating. The rifle was designed to be easy to use, easy to repair, and reliable.

How many bullets are in an AK-47?

The standard magazine capacity is 30 rounds. There are 10, 20, and 40 round box magazines, as well as 75 round drum magazines. The AK47’s standard 30 round magazines have a pronounced curve that allows them to smoothly feed ammunition into the chamber.

How many types of AK-47 are there?

Designed by the Soviet general Mikhail Kalashnikov, the first model of the Kalashnikov gun, or AK-47, was introduced into active service in the Soviet army in 1948. Today, however, the name applies to 200 types of AK-pattern assault rifles.

Is AK-47 the most powerful gun?

The AK-47 is the deadliest weapon ever built, on the whole. Its kill count even tops nuclear weapons in sheer numbers. But the first AK-47s were very heavy and weren’t really built for aiming.

Which gun is better than AK-47?

The AR-15, with its tighter tolerances, is undeniably a more accurate weapon than the AK. A competent marksman is going to hit the bull’s eye every time. The AR boasts an effective range of about 600 yards, and it’s the best rifle in terms of accuracy.

Is AK-47 better than M16?

Both feature iron sights, while the M16 has generally been considered to have the better range – 300 meters for the AK-47 compared to 460 meters for the M16. … While both are deadly, the AK-47 may be the deadlier weapon when its bullets meet flesh.

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