Akash Missile: all about of India’s first indigenously developed short-range surface-to-air missile

Akash Missile

Today in this blog, I will give you complete information about Akash Missile Defense System and explain why India has deployed Akash Missile Defense System on LAC.

How good is Akash Missile?

The Akash missile, which has a range of up to 30 km, is seen as a short-range surface-to-air missile, and such missiles play an essential role in whatever leard and tear art systems in India, as you all would know. And in the teard defence system, if an area is to be protected from an air threat, then the closest air defence system around the area will be in the form of very short-range missiles or gunners.

So very short range in which your man-portable systems also come, so as soon as you move from it, you get the defence system of QRSAM and this QRSAM are light in weight and due to which they take less time to deploy.

When you move forward, you get the short-range surface-to-air missile, SRSAM, and the Akash missile comes in the same category, and then you go beyond that, then you get the medium-range surface-to-air missile again. Moving forward, you get long-range surface-to-air missiles, out of which your short-range surface-to-air missiles, which have an operational range, can be from 30 to 35 kilometres and the same MRSAM is it can be between 70 to 100 km, and in the Navy, it is known as MRSAM, LRSAM which has a range of 100 km.

The Akash missile that is developed by DRDO is produced by DRDL and its different components, different companies such as the missile system it develops, Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) and its missiles, mobile stations, missile containers. And ground support system, it develops BDL from some such systems missile prospect.

Akash Missile launchers

If we talk about launchers, then its launchers develop Tata Power and L&T., And it has two types of launchers, the first type for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the second type is for the Indian Army.

The version for the Indian Army has also been mounted on two vehicles from the development phase up to now, the first was mounted on the BMP in the developmental version of its army, but directly it is mounted on the Genset of the T-72

If we talk about the launcher of the Indian Air Force, then the Air Force launcher truck is mounted.

Akash Missile

Akash Missile Radar system

Its radar system is developed by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) which is a 3D central excavation radar, while the ground equipment along with the radar is also produced by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) such as Troop Level Radar, Troop Control Center, Command Control Center and Tactical Satellite Terminal develop some such equipment Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)

Akash Missile Range

The Akash missile has an operational range of 30 km. Its flight ceiling is around 18000 meters which are sufficient to hit any target, and it can monitor the fighter jets of China and Pakistan on both borders of India.

How many missiles are in a regiment?

The Aakash missile consists of 4 launchers in 1 regiment, and each of the three launchers is fitted with three Akash missiles which interlink with each other and all Akash missile batteries are capable of tracking about 64 targets, and 12 are engaged. And the weight of the warhead in this missile which is a highly exploitable warhead is 60 kg, and this warhead is a pre fragmenting warhead. It is designed to hit soft targets and not hard targets such as aircraft and drones etc.

The Akash missile is capable of coverage of about 2000 km square area, and this missile system is also special because its cost is 8 to 10 times cheaper than the missile defence system of other countries.

What is the range of Akash Missile?

The Akash missile defence system is equipped with Rajendra 3D radar, which has been proofed by Allredy and inside this radar, around 4000 are antenna elements have been provided, which enables it to track in a range of up to 60 kilometres. Also called battery level radar (BLR)

The Army version of the Akash missile also consults battery surveillance radar, which is a radar coming with a truck vehicle with the best long-range sensors and is capable of tracking 40 targets in a range of about one hundred kilometres.

Akash Missile

The speciality of Akash missile

The Akash missile has an interception range of 30 km and can achieve speeds of up to 2.5 mech and can hit an altitude of up to 18 km.

It has a control actuator system, and it helps the CAC to move its finance at the behest of the guidance, and as a result, it can withstand loads of up to 15G, and it will turn as fast as possible. Can take

Talk about proximity fuse will help it ignite the warhead about four to five feet before its target so that it can put the maximum impact of its blast on its target and has a device for self-destruction. If it is unable to hit its target, then at that time it will be able to destroy itself.

And it has an integrated ramjet rocket engine that gives it speed and command provided for the guidance given from the ground base and control centre.

Mass:720 kg
Length:578 cm 
Diameter:30 cm- 35 cm
Warhead:High-explosive, fragmentation
Warhead weight:60 kg 
Engine:Solid booster and integral rocket/ramjet sustainer motor
Flight ceiling:20 km
Flight altitude:18 km
Maximum speed:Mach 3.5
Guidance system:Mid-course: Command guidance with Data link
Launch platform:T-72 or BMP-2 chassis or Tata Motors Heavy Mobility Trucks

How many Akash Missile India have?

The Indian Air Force operates about eight squadrons Akash missiles and has seven squadron and take-off planes, but only six have been allowed.

As far as its M2 version is concerned, its M2 version is also being made, which will have a range of about 35 kilometres and many successful tests have also been Inducted.

Another version is being made for the Indian Army, s1 already has 2 of its regiment army, and the army is planning to take two more and launchers from about 250 to 280 in 1 regiment of the army and 600 of them Up to 700 missiles are.

Technologies Developed For Akash Missile

  • Dual control digital autopilot & pn guidance
  • End game techniques for maximizing effectiveness of kill
  • Pre-fragmented warhead with high explosives
  • Software algorithms for automatic controlling
  • Power supply System to deliver power at both high and low frequencies
  • build in ECCM features for Jam proof guidance 

Akash Missile Physical

Weight of Missile:710kg

Akash Missile Functional

  • Solid integeral ram rocket propulsion system
  • Coded command guidance system
  • sixteen digitally settable frequencies
  • Digital onboard processor
  • long shelf life thermal power source
  • High performance pre-fragmented warhead
  • Digital radio Proximity fuze
  • Switchable Guidance antennae
  • safety arming mechanism
  • Automatic checkout and launch
  • Automatic abort system


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