Arjun Tank: facts about India’s Main Battle Tank(MBT)

Arjun Tank

Arjun Tank is a third-generation main battle tank designed by the Combat Vehicle Research and Development of the DRDO, i.e., CBRDE laboratory. This tank’s design is based on the design of the Labor 2 main battle tank in Germany. Currently, Arjun The tank is manufactured at the Heavy Vehicle Factory located in the period.

Although CBRDE started developing its first variant, i.e., Arjun mk1, in 1972 but in 1976, it was decided by the Government of India for meat production of this time, and Arjun mk1 was the first one, i.e., 43 of Indian Army. The Armored Regiment was commissioned in 2004, and then on 12 March 2011, a few more units of this time were inducted into the 75 Armored Regiment.

Later delays and other problems in its development work from the 1990s to the 2000s led the Indian Army to order the purchase of the t90 Bhishma tank from Russia to meet the requirements that Arjun expected to fulfill. Went

In March 2010, Arjun was pitted against t90 Bhishma, and it performed well. Army ordered 124 Arjun mk1 10 on 17 May 2010 and additional 124 Arjun mk2 tanks on 10 August 2010.

How many Arjun Tanks India have?

The Indian Army placed initial orders for 124 tanks in March 2000. The first consignment of five tanks was delivered in August 2004, and by May 2009, a total of 45 deliveries had been delivered. As of 2011, all 124 tanks.

In March and April 2010, comparative tests on Arjun MBT and Russian T90 tanks’ dynamics in the Rajasthan desert resulted in better performance than Arjun tanks. The Indian Army later ordered another 124 upgraded tanks in May 2010, this time Arjun Tank Mk2.

The Indian Ministry of Defense (MOD)is expected to order 118 Mk1A battle tanks at an estimated cost of Rs66bn ($ 888 million m).

Development Arjun Tank

Developing this tank was assigned as the main experiment with DRDO‘s Combat Vehicle Research and Development Establishment(CVRDE), although the development of this tank started by CBI in 1972. Still, in 1976 the Government of India decided that the Indian Ordnance Manufacturing Factory would have This tank will be mass-produced.

Initially more than 50% complaints were imported from outside in this tank.

The Arjun Tank project faced severe budget cuts and repeated Devi, due to which it took more than 37 years to develop. The government approved Rs 155 lakh for the initial design in May 1974 while changing DRDO development requirements until 1995. And had spent 3000000000 due to inflation

Arjun Tank mk2

Arjun mk2 variant has been developed as part of its improvements. DRDO is developing new technology systems for MBT Arjun to improve performance in areas such as Swetha target locating tracking and destructor. Arjun mk2 version Development is being done with the participation and coordination of the Indian Army, and many modifications have been made to it.

Arjun Tank salient feature

The superior indigenously developed Fin Stabilized Armor Piercing Discharging Sabot (FSAPDS) ammunition capability and 120 mm caliber rifled gun give the MBT Arjun an edge over new world tanks. A computer-controlled integrated fire control system consisting of day-cum-night static vision systems guarantees a very first-round hit probability and short response time to bring effective fire to targets.

Stabilization system for the main armament, with high and precise laying speeds, slavished for elevation and equipment viewed in azimuth, allowing fire on the move

Newly developed super velocity ammunition and 120 mm ARJUN guns can defeat any contemporary armor used in tanks. The electro-slag refined gun steel tube is autofratified to withstand high gas pressures. A thermal jacket prevents irregular temperature distribution on the tube due to weather effects.

A co-axial 7.62 mm machine gun is provided for anti-personnel and 12.7 mm machine gun for anti-aircraft and ground targets as secondary weapons.

The gunner’s main view consists of a day view, thermal vision, a laser range finder, and a fixed head standard for all three channels. The normal-looking head mirror is constant in height and azimuth. Day vision provides dual magnification.

The thermal imager provides a night vision facility to the gunner and commander to observe and fight targets in total darkness and in the presence of smoke, dust, mist, and mild kamoflas. The critical sight is inseparable from the laser range finder by which the target can be accurately positioned.

The commander’s bird’s eyesight effects all-around surveillance in the battlefield without the company being removed from its eyes and disturbed by turret speed. The view field is stabilized with the help of two axis-rate gyro-mounted on the view mirror’s platform. The sight provides dual magnification.

Two types of ammunition, namely, FSAPDS and HESH, have been developed for this armament. The highly lethal FSAPDS ammunition, which is the main battle ammunition of the tank, makes itself mainly responsible during trials. In addition, an anti-chopper round is also under development to counter the aerial threat to armor.

Low ground pressure, high power-to-weight ratio, and new design concepts in transmission suspension and running gear results in highly mobile and agile weapon platforms.

Arjun Tank Armament

The Arjun MBT is equipped with an indigenously developed 120 mm main rifle gun with Fin Stabilized Armorpiring Retractable Sabot (FSAPDS) and Highexplosive Squash Head (HESH) ammunition.

An antipersonnel 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun is fitted. The main gun and 12.7 mm machine gun are mounted on the top of the turret to target aircraft and ground targets. An antihelicopter round is also being developed to counter the aerial threat to armor.

The tank has special containers to carry 39 projectiles of 120 mm each. These containers keep the ammunition away from the crew, providing an additional level of protection.

The rear of the turret has 12 smoke grenade discharges. Weapon systems can be operated in silent clock mode using an auxiliary power unit.

Arjun Tank Self-Infusion

The newly developed Kanchan modular composite armor provides surround protection to the tank with antitank ammunition. Kanchan is produced by the Defense Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL) Armor Design and Development Division.

The armor is composed of composite panels sandwiched between composite homogeneous armor (RHA), which can beat APDSD or HET rounds. Burj House lightweight compact Kanchan armor.

An option is also available to add explosive reactive armor. DRDO is also developing mobile camouflaging system (MCS) technology in collaboration with Barracuda Camouflaging Limited.

Arjun Tank Fire control and Observation

The Arjun tank is equipped with a computer control integrated fire control system with a laser range finder BEL and IRDE jointly developed the system. Day / night fixed vision system is also included in the system.

The target is hit with a high first ward height probability and short response time. The system can achieve targets under all weather conditions, and the stabilization system allows the main weapon to fire accurately as it moves.

Gunner’s main vision includes a day view, thermal image, a laser range finder. A steady head. The thermal imager provides a night vision facility.

Gunners and commanders can detect targets amidst total darkness and smoke, fog, snow, mist, and dust. The target can be accurately found with the integrated laser range finder on the primary sight.

Arjun Tank Mobility

Higher power ratios and less specific ground pressure provide faster, higher workforce and maneuverability under challenging areas. The tank’s logfile consumption and fuel storage capacity optimize the operating range.

The inside compartment is designed to provide a high comfort level to the crew working in the long compartment. The tank also has a hydrophobic suspension and an effective transmission system. The Epicyclic train gearbox offers four forward and two reverse gears.

Arjun Tank Combat system

DRDO and Ebit Israel have developed the tank’s battlefield management system. . The system connects the tank to other fighting units on the battlefield. It is also equipped with GPS based navigation system.

Upgrades to the tank include a laser warning control system (LWCS), a tank urban survival kit (aerosol smoke grenade system, IR jammer, and laser varnishing), and tank simulators.

Arjun Tank Engine

The Arjun is powered by a single MTU 838KA 501 TensiSlinder diesel engine rated at 1,400hp. The machine can deliver a maximum speed of 70 km / h and a cross-country speed of 40 km / h.

Arjun Tank Design

The development of Arjun MBT began in March 1974. The tank heavily depends on foreign technology and equipment. German Leopard 2 tank developer Krauss Maffei provided the design assistance. Hence, the Arjun closely resembles the Leopard 2A4 tank.

What is the name of the Indian-built main Battle Tank?

The Arjun main battle tank was developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization of India. The tank is fitted with a 12.7 mm machine gun on top of the turret. The Indian Army operates the battle tank.

Has Arjun Tank failed?

In 2016, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) stated that Arjun tanks have not been operational since 2013 due to a lack of parts. All the above problems gave this indigenous tank the tag of ‘failure.’ But these problems have been fixed by the DRDO, and the tank has improved within two years.

Arjun Tank

Manufacturer:Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment
Heavy Vehicles Factory
Unit cost:₹55.9 Crores (US$7.8 million)
Mass:Mk.1 : 58.5 tonnes (57.6 long tons; 64.5 short tons)
Mk.1A : 68.5 tonnes (67.4 long tons; 75.5 short tons)
Mk.2 : 65 tonnes (64 long tons; 72 short tons)
Length:Mk.1 : 10.19 metres (33 ft 5 in)
Mk.1A/Mk.2 : 10.64 metres (34 ft 11 in)
Width:Mk.1 : 3.85 metres (12 ft 8 in)
Mk.1A/Mk.2 : 3.95 metres (13 ft 0 in)
Height:Mk.1 : 2.32 metres (7 ft 7 in)
Mk.1A/Mk.2 : ~2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in)
Crew:4 (commander, gunner, loader and driver)
Armour:ERA, NERA, Kanchan armor
1× 120 mm rifled tank gun capable of firing LAHAT, SAMHO, HEAT, APFSDS, HESH, PCB & Thermobaric Rounds
(Rate of fire: 6–8 rounds/minute, total: 39 containerized rounds)
1× NSV 12.7mm AA MG (1000 rounds)
1× Mag 7.62 mm Tk715 coaxial MG (3000 rounds)
12 × smoke grenades
Engine:MTU MB 838 Ka-501 V10; 1,400 hp (1,044 kW) liquid-cooled turbocharged diesel engine
CVRDE 1500 hp (1,118 kW) V12 diesel engine (In development)
Power/weight:Mk.1A : 24 hp/tonne
Transmission:Renk epicyclic train gearbox, four forward + 2 reverse gears
Ground clearance:0.45 metres (1 ft 6 in)
Mk.1A : 450 kilometers (280 mi)
Maximum speed:Mk.1 : ~70 km/h (43 mph)
Mk.1A : 65 km/h (40 mph)
60 km/h (37 mph) cross country


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