Today in this blog, we will learn about the Brahmos missile, and it’s so special for India.
The Brahmos is a short-range Ramjet Supersonic missile being developed by Brahmos Aerospace Private Limited, a joint venture between DRDO of India and NPO mashinostroeyenia of Russia.
The Brahmos missile can be launched by submarine, ship, aircraft, or land. This missile is named after two rivers, Brahmaputra of India and Moskva of Russia.
The Brahmos missile program was launched in February 1998 when Mr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the then Principal Scientific Advisor of Indian Government, who later became the President of India and also called Missile Man, between him and Russia’s Deputy Defense Minister NV Mikhail Under the Inter-Government Agreement signed, Brahmos Aerospace was established under which the work is to monitor the development of Brahmos missile and to which countries to sell this missile.
Brahmos missile development
The first Brahmos missile was test-fired from the integrated test range of Chandipur in Orissa coast in June 2001.
Since then, the Missile has been successfully tested from a variety of platforms, including land based platforms and warship.
On 5 March 2008, the land-attack version of the Missile was fired from the destroyer INS Rajput, the Rajput class Destroyer of the Indian Navy.
On 22 November 2017, the Missile was successfully test-fired for the first time from a Sukhoi 30 MKI.
Brahmos missile specifications
Brahmos is the world’s fastest operational anti-ship Cruise missile. Brahmos has the capability of attacking surface targets with the accuracy of just one meter.
what is the range of Brahmos?
The Brahmos missile can hit targets up to 290 km at supersonic speed; the main reason for keeping its range so low at a speed of 2.8 to 3.0 match was that India was not a member of MTCR at that time under which any The country could not share the missile or its related technology with more than 300 kilometers with any other country.
Brahmos missile can be launched from land, sea, sub-sea, and air against sea and land targets. And it can hit the target with Steve dive capabilities. Brahmos missile is equipped with a mid-course guidance system by INS(Inertial navigation system) terminal guidance system by active radar homing in which a missile contains a radar transceiver and the electronic necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously.
Brahmos missile can change the route in the air and can also send targets on the move. This missile has been developed for the Indian Army, Air Force, and Navy.
The Brahmos missile can fly at an altitude of 10 meters and does not fall under the radar, but it is very difficult to hit even if it is under the radar’s eye. Brahmos can attack twice as fast as the American Tomahawk missile.
It also has a GPS/GLONASS/Indian Regional Navigation system IRNSS/GAGAN satellite guidance system.
Versions of Brahmos missile
The operational version of the Brahmos missile is the surface-to-surface version, the submarine launch version, and the air launch version. This work is also going on on the extended range version, Brahmos, to Brahmos NG and UCAV version.
The land-based Brahmos Block-1 was successfully test-fired twice in December 2004 and March 2007. The Missile was included into the Indian army in June 2007.
Block-2, the land-attack variant of Brahmos, has also been developed. The Missile was first tested in January 2009. In September 2010, the Missile was test-fired at Supersonic speed in a steep-dive mode and created a world record. In December 2010, the Brahmos block-3+version was successfully test-fired from the integrated test range at Chandipur of the Orissa cost India.
The submarine-launched variant of Brahmos was test-fired successfully for the first time from a submerged pontoon near Visakhapatnam at the coast of Bay of Bengal on March 2013.
This version is designed to destroy ground targets. This type of missile is also divided into four categories, such as: land to land, land to ship, ship to ship, and ship to land.
And in block one version of Brahmos, these four versions are available in which. The first one comes ship launch anti-ship missile; this is a missile that can be launched from any navy ship, and it is targeted for other country’s navy. Ship hence it is called an anti-ship missile.
This is followed by a ship launch land attack missile; this missile is also launched from the Navy’s ship, launching the Block One version of Brahmos from the ship and attacking any enemy ground targets such as the army, navy, or Airforce base. can go
After this comes the Land Launch Land Attack Missile, Block One version of Brahmos can also be launched from the ground, and its target is also the ground; mostly, this type of missile is used by the army, but in many places, it Also used from the ground base of the Airforce.
Land launch Anty ship missile comes last in the surface-to-surface version of the Brahmos missile. This type of missile is used by Army and Navy. It is launched from the ground and is targeted by enemy ships and Indian. Navy is using such missiles in huge numbers.
Block one, and block-3 versions have also been upgraded by upgrading the block one version of the Brahmos missile. If seen, block two and block-3 have no difference from block-1.
Brahmos Block-2 is also a Land Launch Land Attack Missile, but the Canister system is used to launch this missile, and Block 2 missile is much better in maneuverability than block-1 as well as this missile is 360 degrees rotating Can attack any target, this missile is mostly used to target the target hidden behind the mountain.
The Block-3 version of the Brahmos missile is even more advanced; it has used advanced guidance and advanced software. It is also a land launch land attack missile.
But this missile can go straight up and attack on a target, meaning if there is a target hidden behind the mountain, then it is difficult to avoid this missile. This missile is also known for Steve Dive, and this missile is upgraded for Navy. Aircraft carrier-killer missile is designed aircraft carrier missile means a missile that can destroy an aircraft carrier also. Using Steve dive technology, this missile can go straight up and attack the aircraft carrier in supersonic speed, diving 90 degrees. Is spoken
Submarine launch version:
Submarine launch missile means a missile that can be launched from a submarine. Such a missile is launched from below the surface of the water. Such a missile is also divided into two parts. The first is the submarine-launched anti-ship missile, and The second is Submarine launch land attack missile.
The submarine-launched anti-ship missile is launched from a submarine, and enemy ships are attacked while in the land-attack version, the same missile is launched from a submarine and attacks the land base target.
Airlonch version of Brahmos, i.e., such missile, which is launched from aircraft, is 2 versions of BrahMos. The first is Airlunch anti-ship missile, and the second is the air-launched ground attack missile. This type of missile is also called ALCM (air-launch cruise missile).
Such a version is currently undergoing testing for the Indian Airforce, but it is believed that up to 40 Sukhoi 30 MKIs have been upgraded to be able to carry the Brahmos air launch version.
Brahmos NG(next Generation):
When we hear about BrahMos NG, we think that BrahMos NG will be the most advanced for air launch version as it is small in size, and a ship like Su-30mki can fly with 5 missiles like this.
This missile has been developed specifically for Tejas, but it is such a good missile that it is believed that India can also use BrahMos NG in Sukhoi 30 MKI, Rafale, Mig-29, and mirage 2000.
What are the speed, weight, and range of Brahmos NG?
Brahmos NG weighs around 1.5 tons while the basic Brahmos weighs 3 tons, i.e., twice the Brahmos NG and Brahmos Airlaunch version weigh 2.5 tons.
The length of the BrahMos NG is about 16.5 feet, while its diameter is about 1.5 feet.
The speed of Brahmos NG is Mach 3.5, which means that it is faster than basic Brahmos.
Currently testing of this missile is going on, but this missile was displayed in Aero India 2019.
Brahmos extended range:
The range of this missile is twice the original Brahmos, approximately 600 km. As I mentioned earlier, India was not a member of the MTCR when India and Russia were building Brahmos, and that’s why the Brahmos missile had a range of 290 km, but in 2016, when India became a member of the MTCR, any With no restriction in place, India and Russia extended the basic Brahmos range to around 600 km, and it is assumed that all Brahmos built in the coming days will be Brahmos with extended range.
Brahmos 2 is actually an upgraded version of Brahmos, but it is not a supersonic missile, but it is more hypersonic missile than supersonic, it can have a maximum speed of maxh7, and at the moment its development is going on. This missile will also have an airlock version, submarine launch version, and land launch version.
Brahmos UCAV (unman combet Ariel Vacale) version:
This missile is actually a mixed concept of missiles and drones. This concept was developed according to Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s thinking that this missile is being developed so that it can reach its target and drop its payload there and come back to base. Any common drone can do the work, but according to their contact, it will not be a UAV, but a hypersonic missile, and no UAV of the world can get up at supersonic speed, and this concept is currently being worked on.
The biggest reason behind making this concept is it’s cheap. If we use any missile, then the entire missile is ruined after hitting the target, but if the UCAV version of Brahmos is developed, then Brahmos with the engine Its unexplode will be able to return to the part base and can be used again after a few changes, and if such a missile is developed, it will be the eighth wonder in the world.