HAL LCH (Light Combat Helicopter) is a 5.5-ton class Combat helicopter designed by the Rotary Wing Research and Design Center, and HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) is manufacturing it
HAL LCH development
During the 1999 Kargil War, when the Pakistani intruders were firing from the high hills inside the Indian border, the Indian Army suffered a lot of damage because the intruders had a height advantage. They were able to monitor all our movements easily.
They needed to be driven from there, but the Combat helicopter that India had could not reach that height. To deal with this problem, a transport helicopter that could reach that high altitude was used by putting rocket pods in it. The trick worked, but our Army and the Air Force began to find a reliable Combat Helicopter that could be easily operated at high altitude and to overcome the shortage, along with the purchase of new helicopters, the development of an indigenous helicopter Also had the option of.
In early 2004, HAL reported that they were in talks with the Indian Army and the Airforce to build a new attack helicopter to be built on the Dhruv utility helicopter platform to save both development costs and time.
Then in 2006, HAL’s statement came that he had started work on the Light Combat helicopter project and the first test flight would be conducted by October 2008, but that did not happen and about a year and a half later, on 29 March 2010, the first prototype of the LCH, DD1 Completed my first flight.
A total of 4 prototypes of LCH were then created, and extensive tests were conducted such as hot weather testing, cold-weather testing, basic performance flight testing, live-fire tests, and more.
During these trials, LCH also set a unique record. LCH became the first attack helicopter in the world to land several times on Siachen’s high-altitude helipad that some of these helipads were up to 15800 feet in height.
Features of HAL LCH
The HAL LCH is a multirole combat helicopter designed to perform various attacks and defensive operations at high altitude and in extreme weather conditions such as anti-Inhantry missions, anti-armor missions, slow-moving aerial target drones, and small UAVs. The game helicopter is also very effective in air defense, counter-insurgency operations, counter surface force operations, combat search and rescue operations, and urban warfare conditions.
The fuselage has been kept very narrow to enhance its stealth feature. A tented flat panel has been used to reduce the radar cross-section, and infrared pressure is fitted in the engine exhaust to suppress the infrared signature. It’s landing The gear is a Baasvardi Tri-Cycle Landing Arrangement, which works to reduce the shock in a crash landing during an accident.
The crashworthy self-sealing fuel tank is fitted with 2 layers of rubber inside the tank, which prevents the fuel tank from leaking during firing. The visibility profile is shallow due to digital camouflage and narrow fuselage. Two power turbo set engines have been used jointly developed.
HAL LCH Avionics
Its cockpit is a class cockpit. Multifunction displays are fitted for flight essentials, and a helmet mount display has been used to target the enemy.
The LCH has also integrated the electronic warfare fair suit and made this suit by SAAB Group’s South Africa Division.
This suit has many defensive features, the most prominent of which is the radar warning receiver, which detects the enemy’s radar and gives a warning.
LCH is also capable of network centering operations meaning LCH remains connected to other aircraft and ground bests via data links and can exchange essential information.
It is manufactured in India only after the transfer of technology from Elite Systems by Bharat Electronics Limited in the year 2015.
The sensor suite includes a CCD (charge-coupled device) camera, a forward-looking infrared imaging sensor, a laser rangefinder, and a laser designator that monitor and target tracking in any weather condition day and night.
HAL LCH Performance
|Maximum Speed:||287 km/h|
|Never exceed speed:||330 km/h|
|Endurance:||3 hours 10 minutes|
|Rate of climb||12 minute/second|
HAL LCH Specifications
|Max takeoff weight:||5,800 kg|
|Power plant:||2 × HAL/Turbomeca Shakti-1H1 Turboshaft, 1,032 kW|
|Main rotor diameter:||13.2 m|
HAL LCH Weapons
|Guns:||20 mm M621 cannon|
|Hard points:||Four with provisions to carry combinations of|
|Rockets:||70 mm FZ or Thales rocket pod|
|Missiles:||Mistral-2 Air to Air Missile, Helina Anti-Tank Guided Missile|
|Bombs:||Cluster bombs, unguided bombs or grenade launchers|
How many HAL LCH helicopter in India?
In November 2016, 15 HAL LCH was ordered by the Indian Ministry of Defense under the Limited Series Production Order for the Indian Air Force and the Army. Also increased the order to 65 LCH to HAL
On 27 February 2020, Defense Minister Rajnath Singh ji inaugurated HAL’s LCH helicopter production hangar which is capable of producing 30 LCH annually so we can expect to see the new LCH inducted into the Indian Army and Airforce very soon.