Today in this blog, I will tell you about the T-14 Armata tanks of Russia, which will strengthen the Russian fleet in the future and be right to buy them in India.
The T-14 Armata is a new generation main battle tank (MBT) developed by the Russian company Uralvagonzavod (UVZ). It was officially unveiled for the first time during the Moscow Victory Day Parade in May 2015.
The T-14 Armata is a human-made battle tank developed by Russia that does not require any introduction.
Its design is very revolutionary compared to other Russian tanks, i.e., in this tank, Rasiya has integrated several technologies together, making this tank very special.
Serial production of the T-14 Armata tank is expected to begin in 2021.
T-14 Armata Design and Features
Although T14 Armata includes many advanced features, its fully automated unmanned turret is the most important thing in it.
The T-14 Armata is based on a modular combat platform, which can also serve as a base for other armored variants such as heavy infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) and armored personnel carriers (APCs).
The hull is divided into three compartments, a crew cab at the front, an unmanned remote-controlled turret at the center, and a power-pack at the rear. The driver sits on the left, the gunner in the middle, and the commander on the right inside the unique armored capsule. Entry and exit are provided in front of the hull through three hulls. The turret roof is a meteorological mast, satellite communication, global navigation satellite system (GLONASS), data-link, and radio communication antenna.
The tank is 10.8 meters long, 3.5 meters wide, and 3.3 meters high, and has a combat weight of 48t.
T-14 Armata Weapon
The T-14 Armata is fitted with an unmanned turret with a 125 mm 2A82-1M Smoothbore gun fed by an automatic loader. The turret carries a total of 45 rounds of ammunition, including ready ammunition. The main gun can also fire laser-guided missiles.
The 2A82 125 mm gun may be replaced in the future with a new 2A83 152 mm gun. The tank can also be fitted with secondary weapons, including the Kord 12.7mm machine gun and PKTM 7.62mm machine gun.
T-14 Armata Self-Defense
A Russian Army T-14 Armata Tank in rehearsal for Victory Day celebrations. Internal armored capsules protect the crew of three of the T-14s. The chassis and turret are both equipped with Malakit dual explosive reactive armor systems on the front, side, and top. The tank uses an integrated, computerized control system that monitors all tank modules’ status and functions. In combat, the software can analyze threats and then either suggest or take action automatically to eliminate them. In contrast, without external threats, it can detect crew errors and fix them is. Serial production of ceramic armor components of the Armata platform began in mid-2015.
The tank has an Afghanistan Active Protection System (APS), which includes a millimeter-wave radar to detect, track and intercept incoming anti-tank munitions, both kinetic energy penetrators and tandem-charge current, interceptable targets. Has a maximum speed of 1,700 m / s (Mach 5.0), with an estimated future increase of up to 3,000 m / s (Mach 8.8). According to news sources, it protects the tank from all sides, although it is not prepared for upside-down shooting to defend against top-attack incidents.
Nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) protection in the tank, automatic fire extinguishing systems, and smoke grenade discharges enhance the crew’s survival. The new Afghan hard-kill active protection system on the tank defends incoming anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs), rockets, and RPGs.
Engine and mobility of Russian MBT
The Armata T-14 is powered by an 85-3A turbocharged diesel engine, which produces a power output of 1,200 PPP. The engine is coupled to a 12-speed automatic transmission.
The running gear includes seven double rubber-weary road wheels on each side. The tank can run at a maximum road speed of 90 km / h and has a full cruising range of 500 km.
T-14 Armata Sensor and Communications
The T-14 is equipped with 26.540 GHz active electronically scanned array radar, mainly used by APS. 40 airborne or 25 meters below ground target 0.3 m (12 in) in size can be tracked simultaneously in a range of 100 km. The tracking system provides an automated firing solution for target destruction, which can then be transferred to APS or main gun control computers. The tank will be capable of assigning target designations to artillery and performing aerial defense and reconnaissance. The T-14 uses highly protected communication channels that connect the T-14’s group and command posts.
The Commander and Gunner have largely similar multispectral image sights with visible electromagnetic spectrum and thermography channels and laser rangefinder. The commander’s sight is set at the top of the turret and has a 360 ° field of view, while the gunner’s left side, to the left of the gunner, is dropped. It is additionally equipped with a direct-sight periscopic channel and laser designer for the T-14’s gun-launched, SACLOS anti-tank missiles. The distance to detect tank-shaped objects for both sites is 7,500 meters (8,000) in daylight, via the TV / periscopic channel, and m3,500 meters at night through the thermal channel. There is also a backup night-vision capable sight with an associated detection distance of 2,000 / 1,000 meters. The driver is likely to have a forward infrared camera and a zoom-close-circuit television camera in addition to the traditional vision periscope. Video cameras have been installed for the crew to have an all-round vision, as it lacks the usual vantage point of the turret roof hatch. This 360-degree camera coverage is perhaps one of the most unusual features of the T-14, which has been made necessary due to the extremely limited visibility without them. The crew, which is mounted in front of the hull, would have known the bad situation if the camera setup and video feed had failed.
Although the T-14 is known to be a completely Russian-made next-generation tank, some components may not be made entirely domestically. Cybersecurity analysts have said that Russian industries have had difficulty producing critical components of night-vision systems that are standard on the tank, and have tried to buy them from Western or Chinese suppliers in the past. This means that components of the T-14 can originate outside Russia, and maybe more challenging to obtain or produce due to sanctions against Russia for its involvement in Crimea and eastern Ukraine.
How much does a T 14 Armata cost?
The T-14 is much lighter than the Armata western tanks, due to which this tank can run at a speed of 90 kilometers per hour, which is 20 kilometers more than the American main battle tank Abrams M1A2.
What is the fastest tank?
Although its mass production has not yet been started, it has been estimated that it will cost around $ 8 million, but it is lighter than the France AMX Leclere and the Abrams Tank of America despite such a price.
Why India should buy a T-14 Armata tank from Russia?
The Indian Army needs a future-ready combat vehicle to replace its aging main battle tank, t-72, which can easily withstand the competition of the present times and the future and future of Russia. 14 Armata can meet all these needs of the Indian Army as it is one of Russia’s most advanced weapon platforms.
The T-14 is Russia’s first time designed after the Post-Soviet Era and that too within a period of 6 years.
Although T14 Armata includes many advanced features, its fully automated unmanned turret is essential.
Serial production of the T-14 Armata tank is expected to begin in 2021.
|Unit cost:||$3.7 million|
|Length:||8.7 m (29 ft)|
|Width:||3.5 m (11 ft)|
|Height:||3.3 m (11 ft)|
|Armor:||Armor44S-SV-Sh Glacis: 900 mm vs. APFSDS and 1400 mm vs. HEAT.|
Internal armored capsule with more than 900 mm RHA equivalent
|2A82-1M 125 mm (4.92 in) smoothbore cannon with 45 rounds (32 of them in the autoloader). The future version may use the smoothbore 2A83 152 mm tank gun.|
|12.7 mm (0.50 in) Kord machine gun (6P49), 7.62 mm (0.30 in) PKTM machine gun (6P7К)|
|Engine:||Diesel 1,500 hp–2,000 hp|
|Transmission:||12-speed automatic gearbox|
|min 500 kilometers (310 mi)|
|Maximum speed:||80 km/h (50 mph)–90 km/h (56 mph) (estimated)|